Kurdish Aspect covers issues related to Kurds and Kurdistan within the larger context of Middle Eastern concerns. The website offers readers a treasure of information as a useful guide to know how others view the Kurds. Kurdish aspect is proud that a significant number of contributors who have a deep understanding and experience in Kurdish history, culture and politics constantly write for the website. Kurdish Aspect also publishes the quarterly Kurdish Aspect Magazine."> Kurdish and Kurdistan Society 1970-2003: Towards Freedom

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Sign the petition for Iraq's three-region solution Nobember 11, 2008 Kurdish and Kurdistan Society 1970-2003: Towards Freedom

Kurdishaspect.com - By Karim Hasan

Introduction

Is knowledge of Kurdish and Kurdistan society from 1970 to 2003 possible? Yes, it is possible. Scholars of Kurdish; Mediterranean and European, Middle Eastern, North African, and Arab-Islamic studies have produced a diverse quality and fair number of research about life of Kurdish and Kurdistan society in the last four decades. An obstacle on the accumulation and construction of accurate knowledge about Kurdish and Kurdistan society has been the ‘axes of four’ through presenting ‘distorted knowledge’8 to international community about Kurds and Kurdistan. The’ axes of four’ have consistently sabotaged and stained accurate knowledge of Kurdish and Kurdistan society. This project argues and presents evidence that their method of knowledge production/constitution about Kurdish and Kurdistan social, economic and political life is becoming null. Kurdish determination and peaceful/legal methods deployed by a number of organization and individuals have ruptured their continuing violation of accurate knowledge presentation of Kurdish and Kurdistan society. Further, this project allows you to understand that this rapture in the inaccurate presentation of Kurdish and Kurdistan society has opened local, regional and international spaces of ‘credible expression’, ‘political representation’ and ‘geopolitical’ recognition of Kurdish and Kurdistan society. These spaces are making social, economic and political life of Kurdish and Kurdistan society possible. 

My scholastic methods of knowledge inquisition for presenting these findings in this project are an ‘epistemological-ontology’ combined with a ‘historical-genealogy’ (Bourdieu 1991, 1992), (Hacking 2002) methods that allow non-linear ‘temporal inquiry’. Merging epistemology and ontology may seem a complicated and a contradictory methodological practice in qualitative social scientific, and public affairs and management research. This project disagrees with this claim, and it puts to practice these two methods. Epistemological research helps us with ‘know-how techniques’ and the possibility of knowledge of the object of inquiry (Bourdieu 1991, 1992). Ontological research allows us the study of the sources and origins of the characteristics of the object of knowledge. Ontological research helps the discovery of whether an object of an inquiry is real or has been constituted/constructed (Bourdieu 1987); (Hacking 2002).

Then, to make good use of these two methodological branches of knowledge production/constitution, this project will put to practice both epistemology and ontology ‘epistemological-ontology’. The starting point could also be reversed to ‘ontological epistemology’ to depict Kurdish and Kurdistan society from 1970 to 2003, but the main criteria is that the two-stage operation to be conducted on the target of the object of inquiry. Knowledge of present state of affairs about Kurdish and Kurdistan society can be understood in relation to a ‘Kurdish determination’9 that has led to this rapture of ‘inaccurate knowledge of Kurdish and Kurdistan society’.

A determination that has opened local, regional and international spaces of ‘expression’, ‘political representation’ and ‘geopolitics’ has also ruptured the repressive, peripheralizing, denying and exploiting ‘habitus’ and ‘life-world-system’ of the states of the axes of four. This determination continues to work internally to transcend the ‘life-world’ and ‘habitus’, ‘system’ and the ‘field’ of Kurdish and Kurdistan society10. This determination to transformation of Kurdish and Kurdistan society may also help the states of Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria to transcend to social, economic and political democracy, the rule of law and good governance, then to withdraw their armies from Kurdistan proper. 

This paper is divided into three parts. In part one, you will read the frameworks that this research project has mobilized are three categories: secondary, primary and field work to explain Kurdish and Kurdistan society from 1970 to2003. In part two institutions/organizations of Kurdistan proper under the axes of four are studied. Part three, Appendix 1: will focus on the Kurds of ‘diaspora’11 and Appendix 2: will focus on Kurds and International Relations.

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