Kurdistan issues in press interviews: Dr Fuad Omar



Sign the petition for Iraq's three-region solution June 19, 2008 Kurdistan issues in press interviews: Dr Fuad Omar

Syrian Kurdish leader: US cannot succeed in the Middle East without the support of Kurds

Kurdishaspect.com - Translated by Dr Kamal Mirawdeli

 [Interview with Secretary-general of Kurdish Democratic Unity Party Dr Fuad Omar: " America's projects cannot succeed without the Kurds."]

Secretary-general of Kurdish Democratic Unity Party Dr Fuad Omar was born in Damascus the capital of Syria in 1962 from a patriotic family coming from the Kurdakh region in Western Kurdistan. He completed his education including university study in Damascus. In 1978 he contacted the organisations of Kurdistan national liberation movement in Western Kurdistan and works as an official in the national front for Kurdistan's liberation.  He is a founding member of Kurdish Democratic Unity Party (Parti Yeketii Demokraik- PYD) and he was elected as member of the leading council of the Kurdish Democratic Unity Party (PYD) in the first conference of the party. He was in charge of the Halab council of the party and was elected the General Secretary of PYD in the second conference of the party. He is living in exile in Belgium now. He has been convicted by Syrian regime. He has political asylum in Belgium.

In an interview with Aso, Dr Omar talks about the situation of the opposition in Syria. He says: "I have chosen the democratic way of struggle. I have democratic thought and principles and have adopted [Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)'s jailed leader Abdullah] Ocalan's philosophy as the main source of my thinking."


The head of Kurdish Democratic Unity Party says" Since the foundation of the party it has faced a lot of problems and difficulties. Many comrades have been martyred. Many others have been imprisoned and they are now in Syrian jails. But it can obtain a high level of political development within the democratic opinion in Syrian opposition." About their participation in the joint Kurdish-Arabic opposition in Syria Dr Omar says: "We support the reunification of the opposition and broadening it to embrace all the classes and strata of society. We have good relations with political groups."

Syrian Kurdish situation not clear

He says frankly:" The Kurdish movement in Syria is still in an uncertain state and it is far from the requirements of today's important stage of our struggle. It seeks alliances without being able to struggle in line with the needs [of Syrian Kurds] and achieve success. It is a kind of self-deception. But we are trying to create an alliance or partnership that goes beyond the status of just a front to prevent inter-fighting and antagonism. Today is the age of dialogue, unity and co-operation." He added: "We are with people. Those people who do not want to enter into an alliance with us perhaps are afraid of the power of people. Alliance today has different meaning from traditional alliances because we cannot solve the problems of people just by having an alliance among political groups. Alliance must establish the true meaning of democracy; it must promote and broaden it in the Kurdish society because there are large strata and sections of Kurdish society that are not affiliated to any political party or group."

The aims of external powers

About the intensification of Syria's oppression of the Kurds since the death of [former President] Hafiz Assad, he said:" This issue is not related to the death of Hafiz Assad but it is related to the political changes in the regime's approach to the Kurds after [PKK leader Abdullah] Ocalan left Syria and the development of a Syrian Kurdish policy closer to that pursued by Turkey. This is the reason for the emergence of this new condition." He added;" The establishment of Kurdish Democratic Unity Party, its quick development in western Kurdistan and its commitment to the culture and politics of Kurdistanism (one Kurdistan nation) have upset the Syrian regime. That is why our party has become the target of external forces especially the chauvinist and dictatorial forces, and we find this natural."


About the imprisonment of hundreds of the members and supporters of PYD who are in Syrian jails now he says:" From the very beginning of the foundation of our parry our members became the target of the regime and [party member] Bavi Judi was our first martyr who died under torture in prison. Then Ahmad Ginju, Osman Sleman, comrade [female martyr] Shilan and four others were killed in the same way in prison." He added:" Our response to these actions by the regime is to intensify our efforts to achieve the will of our people in creating confederalism and democracy. 

1962 statistics

On the deprivation of Syrian Kurds from having nationality registration, General Secretary of Kurdish Democratic Unity Party says:" 1962 statistics is a stain of shame for the Syrian regime and the international community too. The issue here is not having a Syrian nationality or identity. Having an Arab Syrian nationality does not satisfy the aspiration of the Kurds in Syria. Today even the Aran Syrians give up their Arab Syrian nationality and migrate to Europe. The issue of 1962 statistics is linked to the issue of Kurdish national question. Today the Syrian regime uses the cheapest methods to deal with the Kurdish people in Syria. When they use the term 'foreigners' [for the Kurds], I think this is a wrong reading that demonstrates ignorance and wrong understanding of the Kurdish issue. This problem cannot be solved but through democratisation and community development."  Dr Omar believes that the Kurds know very well what their problem in Syria is and the Ba'thist regime would make a grave mistake if they think that they can make Kurdish people compromise their right to freedom, democracy and the unity of Kurdish identity for the right of obtaining [Syrian] nationality.


About the future of the Syrian regime which is under great international pressures now, Dr Omar says:" I do not like Syria to become like Iraq but the conduct of the Syrian regime: chauvinism, racism, and sectarianism threatens the unity of Syrian society. Syria will face great problems if it fails to solve the Kurdish problem."

45 million Kurds

On the question whether the Kurdish question can be solved through military means or the current stages needs different methods of struggle, Dr Omar says:" The Kurdish population [in the Middle East] is more than 45 millions. Kurds cannot be defeated how many massacres and anfals committed against them. This has been proved by past history. We cannot be exterminated by violence. We have a just cause and we have right to self-determination and achieving our free will. For this reason, we believe in democratic political struggle. We do not believe in violence and solving issues through military means."

No success without the Kurds

About the project of democracy in the Middle East which the US and others publicise, he indicated that he has not much faith in that project. Even the US is not keen on this project now as before. He added: "Such a project cannot succeed without the [involvement of] the Kurds." He gave Iraqi Kurdistan as an example which is the best hope for peaceful democratic change in the region. But in spite of this the role of the Kurds is weak. The US is trying to achieve its aims at the expense of the Kurds rather than their participation. He said:" If the US wants to be successful in [the Middle East] region then it must organise its relations with the Kurds in all parts of Kurdistan." He adds:" The US supports the separation and independence of Kosovo and at the same time describes Kurdistan Workers' Party {PKK) as a terrorist s and separatists. As Kurdish Democratic Unity Party we are of course not against the independence of Kosovo. This is their just right of self-determination. But we also understand that freedom cannot be achieved just by creating a national state; freedom depends on the degree of democratisation of the state, it depends on to what extent a system can protect security, safety and freedoms of individuals. I believe that self-determination is different from separation. In the European Union (EU) this concept has been surpassed. We can follow the example of the EU to deal with our national issues. The Kurds have achieved a great progress today."

Source: //Aso, Sulaymaniyah, daily newspaper in Standard Kurdish , 11 Jun 08, p 5//

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